The findings provide a formal demonstration that in an endogamous and consanguineous population, calculated mtDNA genetic diversity is significantly lower using random sampling than using paternal or maternal household directed sampling. Therefore, in order to obtain a comprehensive phylogenetic picture of lineage diversity in a sample set from the Druze population or populations with similar socio-demographic patterns, it is necessary to either collect a very large random sample, or to use a directed sampling strategy to ensure coverage of all of the regionally endogamous cryptic subpopulations. Random sampling taken from a regional and small sample within an endogamous subpopulation, will be relevant only for that specific subpopulation as might have been the case in the Macaulay et. This is also reflected in the diversity parameters, which we have obtained using the directed sampling approach, and which do not support a recent population bottleneck or founder effect for the Druze population as a whole. It should be noted though, that directed sampling might miss localized founder effects and bottlenecks, since it does not provide the real haplotype frequencies, but rather is designed to uncover as many diverse lineages as possible for a given sample size. The decision of which sampling method is more appropriate depends on the scientific question being addressed. With regard to population substructure and genetic distances directed sampling is more appropriate to uncover cryptic diversity and regional substructure in populations such as the Druze, characterized by high levels of endogamy and local founder effects. In studies designed to uncover population allele frequencies, or population based association studies with complex clinical phenotypes, the first step will have to be elucidation of the population substructure by directed sampling, followed by random sampling from a regional subpopulation. The absence of a recent demographic bottleneck or population founder effect for the Druze population is consistent with their oral tradition of heterogeneous ancestral origins, and also is consistent with the pattern of Mendelian genetic disease in the population.

Elders Warn Druze Protests Could Lead to Irreversible Rift with Jews

He called for unity among the Druze community against the regime atrocities what exposed him to several assassination attempts. Abu Traba fled the war-torn country for three years where he lived in Jordan, Egypt and Turkey before returning back home in Abu Traba was a close aide to Sheikh Wahid al-Balous, the prominent political and spiritual leader of Druze community, who was killed on September 4, in suspected regime blast. Al-Balous opposed regime war against the Syrian people and called on his fellow Druze men to escape military conscription.

Few weeks later, Abu Traba was charged with plotting terrorist attacks and rebellion, delivering his the forcibly-retracted concession via the state TV.

Mar 6, Syria. Druse bride of Mt. Lebanon. Similarity to ancient Scythian headdress. The Druze call themselves Ahl al-Tawhid “the People of Monotheism” or “the People of Unity” or al .

Linguistically, the Druze blend with their Arab neighbors, as they speak the North Levantine Syrian-Lebanese-Palestinian variety of Arabic shown in light green on the map on the left. What makes them distinctive is their religion. The Druze faith is monotheistic, like most other creeds that originated in the region: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Zoroastrianism. Some sources call the Druze faith an offshoot of Ismailism, a branch of Shia Islam; others do not take it to be a Muslim sect at all, as the Druze religious beliefs differ from mainstream Islam on a number of fundamental points.

For example, the Druze generally regard Jethro the father-in-law of Moses rather than Mohammed as their main prophet. Druze dogma also incorporates elements from other Abrahamic religions as well as Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Pythagoreanism, and other belief systems. To further complicate matters, the Druze follow the custom of Taqiyya—concealing or disguising their beliefs when necessary—that they adopted from Shia Islam, keeping many of their teachings secretive, even from the bulk of their own population.

The Syrian Druze live mostly in the Jebel al-Druze, a rugged and mountainous region in the southwest of the country, which is more than 90 percent Druze inhabited; over villages in the area are exclusively Druze. By all accounts, the relationship between the two religious communities are peaceful. With the coming of independence in , the Druze expected to be rewarded for their sacrifices on the battlefield by keeping their autonomous administration and many of the political privileges accorded them by the French; they also sought generous economic assistance from the newly independent government.

The aspirations of the Druze were supported by their military power:

Druze Numbers Decline, Still They Can’t Marry Outside Their Religion

Recent genetic study on the Druze populace. Published online Nov Despite increasing interest in genetics of the population structure of the Druze, their population history remains unknown. We investigated the genetic relationships between Israeli Druze and both modern and ancient populations.

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Israel is in the middle of the international religiosity scale, between Thailand, the world’s most religious country, and China, the least religious. The other two thirds of respondents said they felt no connection to any denomination, or declined to respond. A slogan initially coined during the First Gulf War , , and turned into a popular slogan-sticker ever since, especially among the Israeli Religious Zionism “National Religious” community and the Haredi Judaism sector The spectrum covered by “Orthodox” in the diaspora exists in Israel, again with some important variations.

What would be called “Orthodox” in the diaspora includes what is commonly called dati “religious” or Haredi “ultra-Orthodox” in Israel. Haredi Jews Haredi applies to a populace that can be roughly divided into three separate groups along both ethnic and ideological lines: There is also a growing baal teshuva Jewish returners movement of secular Israelis rejecting their previously secular lifestyles and choosing to become religiously observant, with many educational programs and yeshivas for them.

At the same time, there is also a significant movement in the opposite direction toward a secular lifestyle. There is some debate which trend is stronger at present. Recent polls show that ranks of secular Jewish minority in Israel continued to drop in A survey of Israeli Jews published in May showed that 72 percent of respondents said they disagreed with the Haredi assertions that Reform Jews are not really Jewish. The survey also showed that a third of Israeli Jews “identify” with progressive Reform or Conservative Judaism and almost two thirds agree that Reform Judaism should have equal rights in Israel with Orthodox Judaism.

Secular—religious status quo[ edit ] Main article:

Could someone tell me what the Druze religion is?

I covered the story yesterday , as did many other blogs and outlets this week. And now George Clooney claims that the entire article is fabricated and that his would-be mother-in-law is not Druze: I seldom respond to tabloids, unless it involves someone else and their safety or well being. It says they joke about traditions in the Druze religion that end up with the death of the bride.

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Though Islam and the Arabic language were officially dominant under this new regime, the general populace still took time to convert from Christianity and the Syriac language. In particular, the Maronite community clung to its faith and managed to maintain a large degree of autonomy despite the succession of rulers over Syria. Muslim influence increased greatly in the seventh century, when the Umayyad capital was established at nearby Damascus.

During the 11th century the Druze faith emerged from a branch of Islam. The new faith gained followers in the southern portion of Lebanon. The Maronites and the Druze divided Lebanon until the modern era. The major cities on the coast, Acre , Beirut , and others, were directly administered by Muslim Caliphs.

10 Mysterious Religions Practiced In The Shadows

It marked the first time in recent memory that the Druze – followers of a secretive offshoot of Shiite Islam who are considered fiercely loyal to the state – staged a large public protest. Hundreds of brightly colored Druze flags, rarely seen outside the community, fluttered in the square along Israel’s national banners. Nearby City Hall was also lit up in Druze colors. The rally marked the biggest backlash yet against the recently passed law that enshrines Israel’s Jewish character and downgrades the standing of Arabic from an official to a “special” language.

Haplogroup X in Galilee Druze. Figure 1A: Median-joining (MJ) network of the 41 6 haplogroup samples. The MJ[51] algorithm was implemented within the Network program.

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Jewish Genes

This is based on his known accession date of I Shemu day 26 and his death on Year 32 III Shemu day 15, for a reign of 31 years, 1 month and 19 days. Ramesses III defeated them in two great land and sea battles. Although the Egyptians had a reputation as poor sea men they fought tenaciously.

The Druze’s social customs differ markedly from those of Muslims or Christians, and they are known to form close-knit, cohesive communities which do not fully allow non-Druze in, though they themselves integrate fully in their adopted homelands.

Are you only marrying this person because he happens to be Druze? Harfouch is 23 years old with green-blue eyes, lightly freckled skin, and long, dark hair. On her left hand she wears a big diamond engagement ring. On her right wrist she wears a multi-colored beaded bracelet: Druze is a tiny Arab religion that originated in the Middle East 1, years ago.

There are just over 1 million adherents in the world, with large concentrations in Lebanon, Syria, and Israel and roughly 30, in the United States. The Philadelphia convention, attended by about Druze, took place over four days in April. Children did arts and crafts, older women drank Lebanese-style tea, and birthdays were celebrated. There were religious sessions for teens and adults. There was a young professionals mixer. Nearly everyone attended a gala-style party on the last evening.

Mothers hope their children will meet their future husbands and wives at the convention. Several Druze mothers told me they hoped their children would meet their future husbands and wives at the convention. The search for a spouse at these gatherings is supposed to be discreet, Muakkassa explained.

Religion in Israel

Are you only marrying this person because he happens to be Druze? Harfouch is 23 years old with green-blue eyes, lightly freckled skin, and long, dark hair. On her left hand she wears a big diamond engagement ring. On her right wrist she wears a multi-colored beaded bracelet: Druze is a tiny Arab religion that originated in the Middle East 1, years ago.

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She has not been to Beirut since Amal and I have been dating, and she is in no way against the marriage, but none of that is the issue… The irresponsibility, in this day and age, to exploit religious differences where none exist, is at the very least negligent and more appropriately dangerous. Clooney must have plenty of PR handlers and it would be easy enough for Mail Online to make a check, but it does not appear to have done so.

There can be harsh penalties for those Druze who marry outsiders. Several women have been murdered for disobeying the rules. Last year a Sunni Muslim man had his penis severed by the male relatives of a Druze woman who defied her family by marrying him. NOW Lebanon has some context on sectarian marriage: We do not make threats or deal with the person who marries outside the community with harshness, but guidance is our duty.

Ramzi was the son of Khalil Alamuddin, who used to serve as the head of the Baaqline municipality.

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